Autonomous Shipping and Cybersecurity
Currently, as a result of new communications technologies, autonomous ships are even closer to our seas than we could think. But, besides un-doubted advantages, it gives rise to uncertainties and challenges in several aspects, which include those related to the fields of cybersecurity and legislation, in relation to international regulations and national laws. The aspects of autonomous shipping are included in the information regulations of Bureau Veritas, and additional specific tags have been created to collect the cybersecurity/cyberprotection aspects of such ships.
The objective of this article is to present the current status and the foreseeable evolution of the regulations on autonomous shipping from the point of view of a Classification Society, as well as the current evolution of the methodologies concerning cybersecurity.
BUREAU VERITAS. NR467 Rules for Steel Ships, July 2018.
BUREAU VERITAS. NI641, Guidelines for Autonomous Shipping, December 2017.
BUREAU VERITAS. NR 659 Rules on cyber security for the classification of marine units , December 2018.
BUREAU VERITAS. NR 642.Cybersecurity Requirements for Products to be installed On- Board Naval Ships. July 2018.
BUREAU VERITAS. NR 462, Hardware in-the- loop testing, January 2016.
Guidelines on Maritime Cyber Risk Management , IMO (International Maritime Organization), June 2017.
NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology), Framework for improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity, April 2018.
The guidelines for cyber security onboard ships, version 3, BIMCO, CLIA, INTERNATIONAL CHAMBER OF SHIPPING, INTERMANAGES, INTERTANKO, IUMI, OCIMF, WORLD SHIPPING COUNCIL.
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